Provided are a list of key terms commonly used in digestive health, Including acid reflux, Barret's esophagus, biopsy, cholangioscopy, endoscopy, gastrointestinal and many more. Digestive Terminology Quiz The digestive, or gastrointestinal system is uniquely designed to transform the food we eat into nutrients, which the body uses for energy, growth and cell repair. Enteroscope: a tool used to examine the inside of the intestines, Esophagus: the muscular tube that connects the throat to the stomach, Gallbladder: the organ that works in conjunction with the liver and pancreas to assist with food digestion, Gallstones: a small mass in the gallbladder that blocks the bile ducts, Gastrointestinal: relating to the stomach and intestines, Liver: the organ responsible for blood filtration, detoxification and metabolism, Pancreas: a gland that secretes digestive enzymes into the intestine, Proctoscope: a tool used to examine the anus and rectum, Rectum: the area where the large intestine meets the anus, Sigmoid colon: the part of the large intestine close to the rectum and anus, Sigmoidoscope: an endoscope used to examine the last one-third of the colon, Small intestine/bowel: the longest part of the digestive system, Stent: a device that keeps tubes or vessels open, Stomach: located in the upper abdomen, where the initial stages of digestion occur, Strictures: the irregular narrowing of a passage or duct, Trachea: also known as the 'windpipe,' a major connector that carries air to the lungs, Ulcers: a painful, open sore on the skin or a mucous membrane, Ultrasound: a procedure in which images are generated by sound vibrations, Upper GI Tract: the area of the digestive system that includes the esophagus, stomach and duodenum, Varices: the irregular dilation or swelling of a vein or veins. Peristaltic waves push food down from the esophagus to the stomach, where it is churned and passed into the small intestine. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Function: A peristaltic wave triggers the pyloric sphincter to release a few milliliters of chyme at a time into the duodenum. The rectum is the final segment of the large intestine and serves primarily to store and expel solid waste. The GI tract is a long tube of varying diameter beginning at the mouth and ending in the anus. Flashcards. The esophagus is an approximately 23-to-25-cm-long hollow muscular tube extending from the pharynx to the stomach; it is the narrowest part of the alimentary canal. Download. Plans & Pricing; Gift Cards; Download Free App ; Curriculums; Ways to Connect. Any of this liquid that it does not absorb it eliminates as solid waste. Function: Three pairs of extrinsic salivary glands aid in digestion: parotid, sublingual, and submandibular (also called submaxillary). See it in 3D! Anus: The opening of the rectum to the outside of the body. C. Labi/o. Additional Suffixes and Digestive System Terminology . saliva: The clear, viscous fluid secreted by the salivary glands and mucous glands of the mouth. Interchangeable terms for it are digestive tract, digestive canal and alimentary tract. A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z, Acid reflux: a painful condition in which acids regurgitate from the stomach into the esophagus, also referred to as GERD (gastroesophageal reflux disease), Anus: the opening of the rectum through which solid waste leaves the body. A short summary of this paper. Knowledge and understanding of the medical terminology pertaining to some of the more common digestive system diseases is an important aspect of health literacy. Region: Head, Neck, Thorax, Abdomen, Pelvis. See our privacy policy for additional details. If you need more immediate assistance, please call us at (713) 222-2273. Health Literacy and Digestive System Diseases. If you have questions or are looking for more information, please complete the form below and we will contact you. Coding Info on. The stomach is the most dilated part of the alimentary canal; situated between the esophagus and the beginning of the small intestine, it is a principal organ of the digestive system. When the sphincter of Oddi is relaxed, bile secreted from the liver and pancreatic juices secreted from the pancreas enter the duodenum to aid in chemical digestion and to reduce acidity. Alimentary canal – It is the part of the digestive system formed by the esophagus, stomach, small intestine and large intestine. absorption passage of digested products from the intestinal lumen through mucosal cells and into the bloodstream or lacteals. Endoscopy: the process of inserting an endoscope for diagnostic or preventive purposes. See it in 3D! Learn. Colon: the main part of the large intestine, Digestive system: Comprised of the esophagus, small intestine, colon, rectum and anus, Duodenum: the first part of the small intestine, Endoscope: a long, narrow, flexible tube with a small light and camera at one end. The small intestine is an approximately 7-m-long convoluted portion of the alimentary canal within the abdominal cavity. Digestive health requires a complex system of nerves and muscles to propel the products of digestion from the throat all the way through to a bowel movement. Gravity. System: Digestive. Download PDF. Tools. The digestive system(figure 24.1) consists of the digestive tract, a tube extending from the mouth to the anus, and its associ- ated accessory organs,primarily glands, which secrete fluids into the digestive tract. October 01, 2020 in Terminology Quiz 1. salivary ducts: Any of the ducts which transport saliva. 90% of nutrient absorption occurs in the small intestine, the remaining 10% occurs in the stomach and large intestine. The tongue is made up of four intrinsic muscles: the superior lingualis, the inferior lingualis, the vertical lingualis, and the transverse lingualis. The jejunum is the middle portion of the small intestine. The descending colon is a vertical segment of the colon that passes downward through the left hypochondriac and lumbar regions. A. Dent/o. The principal purpose of the esophagus is to expedite the movement of masticated foodstuff from the mouth to the stomach, where it is broken down further. See it in 3D! The pharynx is divided into three segments: the nasopharynx, the oropharynx, and the laryngopharynx. 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